MEMAHAMI KALIMAT Pasif ( passive voice ) dalam bahasa inggris

passive sentence

(Kalimat Pasif) atau Passive Voice adalah berubahnya
bentuk Subjek Menjadi Object Dan Object Menjadi Subject Dalam artian bahwa Passive Sentence adalah Suatu pola kalimat ketika Subjectnya
di kenai pekerjaan oleh object. Dalam penggunaan sendiri Passive Sentence / Passive Voice biasanya jarang di gunakan dalam kehidupan
sehari-hari karena Biasanya Pola yang sering di gunakan adalah Active Sentence / Active Voice Namun Passive Sentence
ini biasanya sering di temukan di Koran, Majalah, Artikel Dan Karya Tulis Ilmiah karena Passive Voice ini bisa menekankan Objek yang
lebih penting di banding subjeknya.

Pola Kalimat Passive Voice

S + to be + V3 + [by] + O + Modifier

Dalam Penggunaan to be di Passive voice di sesuaikan dengan jenis tensis subjek yang di gunakan :

Contoh :

Active Voice Passive Voice
She Writes A Letter A Letter is Written by her
Mr. Hans Slept on the chair The chair was slept by Mr. Hans

Dari contoh di atas kita dapat menemukan bahwa Dalam Pola passive voice :

    • Object A letter dari Active voice berubah menjadi subject A letter dalam passive voice
    • Subject She dalam Active voice berubah menjadi Her dalam Passive voice

Berikut daftar perubahan Subject Pronoun kedalam Object Pronoun

Subjective Pronoun Objective Pronoun
I Me
You You
We Us
They Them
She Her
He Him
It It
    • Writes (V1+s) berubah menjadi Written (V3)

Jenis Perubahan Passive Voice pada Tenses Yang berbeda

Tenses Active Voice Passive Voice
Simple Present Tense You give a Dictionary a dictionary is given by you
Past Tense You gave a dictionary A dictionary was given by you
Present Perfect You Have give a dictionary A dictionary has been given by you
Present Continous Tense You are giving a dictionary A dictionary being given by you
Modal Verb You can give a dictionary A dictionary can be given by you

Catatan :

Imprensional Pronoun atau Kalimat tanpa objek pun bisa menggunakan Passive Voice dengan aturan seperti contoh di bawah
ini :

He Says -> It is Said

They Says -> It is Said

Houses have been built -> It Has Built Houses

Contoh Paragraf Yang mengandung Kalimat Pasif (Passive tense)

One day, My brother and I went shopping to Supermarket, Shopping Cart Was Taken By Me while Item Is being Selected by my brother, We are
buy various items such as Books, Pencils And Other School Items, That day is quite tiring for me because All Items In Cart Must be Taken
By Me.

mudah di pahami bukan??

semoga sukses kawan..

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